The rule of law rules!
Hong Kong’s greatest strength – the rule of law – is one of its core values and the cornerstone of its success as a leading international commercial and financial centre.
Safeguarded by an independent judiciary, the rule of law ensures a secure environment for people and organisations and a level playing field for business.
The rule of law helps make Hong Kong one of the world’s safest cities, with overall crime rates among the lowest. No one is above the law. Everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion, political affiliation, opinion or position is equal before the law. Private individuals, legal persons and public entities all have the right to access courts to enforce legal rights or defend an action.
Hong Kong retains its previous common law traditions. Members of Hong Kong’s judiciary, which is independent of the executive and legislative branches of the HKSAR Government, exercise power free from any interference.
The power of final adjudication is vested in Hong Kong’s Court of Final Appeal (CFA). The CFA is a collegiate court of five judges, comprising the Chief Justice, three permanent judges and one non-permanent judge. In addition to Hong Kong judges, the Basic Law, which governs Hong Kong, allows judges from other common law jurisdictions to sit on the CFA, allowing the court to draw on their experience, while maintaining close links with other common law jurisdictions. A number of distinguished judges from the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand have sat and continue to sit as members of the court.